The Indian Punjab is characterized by fertile soils and high population density, but is semi-arid in climate. Having been endowed with deep alluvial aquifers with high storage capacity, the region has the capacity to store vast amounts of water just below the cropping lands, providing enormous advantages in terms of irrigation management and buffering against climate extremes
Groundwater level decline is threatening longevity of irrigated agriculture in Indian Punjab. Photo: S. Prathapar (IWMI)
Last year’s record flooding in the Chao Phraya River’s watershed caused $40 billion in damages and left one third of Thailand—including parts of Bangkok, the capital and largest city—underwater for weeks. The prolonged media coverage, however, completely drowned out most recollections of the record drought that the country experienced in 2010.
In the Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso, low and irregular rainfall together with dried and crusted soils limit agricultural productivity. Through the use of animal traction to construct tied ridging water retention devices, infiltration and w…