Benchmark site

Makueni [Kenya]

Town: Makueni.
Makueni has a semi-arid climate, with an altitude that ranges from 1000-1600mm. The farmers largely rely on rainfed agriculture which increases their vulnerability to climate change.

Benchmark site

Nyando [Kenya]

Town: Kisumu.
Nyando is a humid to sub-humid region with low and erratic rainfall and low agricultural productivity. It is characterized by high environmental degradation, declining tree cover, high soil erosion and decreasing soil fertility.

Benchmark site

Borana [Ethiopia]

Town: Borena.
Borana is a semi-arid, agro-pastoral area in the lowlands of Southern Ethiopia. It is extremely prone to drought, rainfall variability and other climate-related vulnerabilities which affect the livelihoods of its people.

Benchmark site

Lushoto [Tanzania]

Town: Korogwe.
With its high biodiversity, the Lushoto region is suited to mixed, intensive and agro-pastoral farming systems practiced in its different areas. Its key issues, deforestation and poor land management, are resulting in declining productivity.

Benchmark site

Rakai [Uganda]

Town: Rakai.
Rakai is located on a steep gradient which contributed to its high rainfall variability. Its cropping systems is a mixture of smallholder and agroforestry farming systems in different areas; and its key climate issues are heavy deforestation, reduced river flow and water stress.

Benchmark site

Hoima [Uganda]

Town: Hoima.
Located on a steep rainfall gradient, the main climatic issues for Hoima are excessively rainfall and intermittent drought.

Benchmark site

SantaRita [Honduras]

Town: El Jaral.

Benchmark site

Cauca [Colombia]

Town: Popayán.

Benchmark site

Tuma [Nicaragua]

Town: Matagalpa.

Benchmark site

Olapa [Guatemala]

Town: El Rodeo, Olopa.

Benchmark site

Vaishali [India]

Town: Bakarpur.
Surrounded by river Ganga in south, and Gandak in west, Vaishali district lies in the Bihar State of India, a sub-humid dry region with dry summers and cold winters. The key climate-related issues in this area are frequent droughts, water logging and flooding, and decreasing annual rainfall.

Benchmark site

Karnal [India]

Town: Taraori.
Karnal is a hot semiarid region with dry summers and cool winters. Its key climatic issues are erratic rainfall and considerable inter-dry spell during crop growing season.

Benchmark site

Rupandehi [Nepal]

Town: Padsari.
Rupandehi is a lowland plain located on the foothills of the Himalayas. The climate is humid subtropical with an average annual raninfall of 1455mm and a maximum temperature of 31⁰C.

Benchmark site

Bagerhat [Bangladesh]

Town: Bagerhat.
Bagerhat lies in the southwest coastal area of Bangladesh. The key climate-related issues are salinity, sea-level rise, flooding, droughts, storm and cyclone - all increasing the number of environmental refugees.

Benchmark site

Ma [Vietnam]

Town: Yên Bình.

Benchmark site

Rohal Soung [Cambodia]

Town: Ek Phnom.

Benchmark site

Ekxang [Laos]

Town: Vientiane.

Benchmark site

Kaffrine [Senegal]

Town: Kaffrine.
Kaffrine is in the transition zone between the Sahel and the Sudan Savannah. With an average annual rainfall of 500-800mm, its key climate-related issues are high rainfall variability and poor soil fertility, resulting in low yield/income and high poverty levels with low access to capital.

Benchmark site

Kollo [Niger]

Town: Kollo.
Located in the Sahel, and with an average annual rainfall of just 300-500mm, Kollo is prone to yearly periods of drought. Agricultural productivity is low and is mainly based on millet cropping and agropastoral systems.

Benchmark site

Segou [Mali]

Town: Segou.
Segou is located in a transition zone between the Sudan and the Sahel Savannna with an annual rainfall of 680mm. Its key climate issues are high rainfall variability and poor soil fertility.

Benchmark site

Lawra-Jirapa [Ghana]

Town: Lawra.
Lawra-Jirapa is located in the Guinea Savannah agro-ecological zone, with an average annual rainfall of around 950-1100 mm that supports a mixed smallholder cropping system. It is, however, constrained by high climate variability.

Benchmark site

Yatenga [Burkina Faso]

Town: Yatenga.
Located in the Sahel zone with less than 650mm of rainfall annually, Yatenga struggles with high rainfall variability, poor soil fertility and drought which are major constraints to its agricultural productivity.